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Study in Optical Rhythm
Björn Lüning

Made in 1953, Study in Optical Rhythm is an examination of the visual functions of rhythm. His best known film, it was drawn and painted directly onto the film stock at intervals of 4, 8, 12, 16 and 24 frames to find concurrence with a predetermined musical accompaniment. The film was intended to be screened both with and without music to explore differing audiovisual relationships. Technically Study in Optical Rhythm is thus reminiscent of the animations of Norman McLaren, Len Lye and Oscar Fischinger.

Keywords Music, Animation, Experimental
Aspect ratio 1.33:1 (4:3)
Prod. format Generic film
Duration 00:06:00
Color Color
Year 1953
Latest screening Nov 10, 2022
Sep 17, 2019
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About the artist

Björn Lüning

Born in 1929, lives and works in Stockholm.

Björn Lüning started out making experimental film in 1946. He was interested in film as a way of experimenting with form and rhythm and thought of it as a mean of expression among others like painting, poetry, and music. During the 1950s he first came in contact with Svensk Experimentfilmstudio (later called Arbetsgruppen för film). Between 1946 and 1953, Björn Lüning conducted several sketches and experiments on 9,5 and 16 mm film. To this date, it’s still unknown whether these still exist. They were shown in private screenings reserved for avant-garde filmmakers, held between 1948-1952. During this time he was also frequently working together with other experimental filmmakers such as Eivor Burbeck, Carl Gyllenberg och Mihail Livada in various projects.